Marking's Guerilla Note

One of the most colorful episodes of our history was during the Second World War. Though it was also one of the most chaotic yet, it was also the time when Filipinos showed their resourcefulness and innovations during the times of crisis.

The Guerilla Note or War script was issued during War and it was authorized by the Commonwealth Government to finance the local resistance and underground war machinery. Guerilla notes were issued by several faction of resistance formed and established by the few surviving soldier from the Fall of Bataan and other battles all over the Philippines. Most of them were founded by American soldiers and Philippine Scouts.

One of the most admired Guerilla movement was the Marking’s Guerilla, since it was created by two of the most colorful guerrilla leaders in World War II. They were, Marcos Villa Augustin (Marking), a former cab driver and boxer from Manila, and his deputy/mistress/wife/biographer Yay Panlillio, an American mestiza and former newspaper reporter. Marking's guerrillas formed in the Sierra Madre mountains east of Manila under Col. Straughn's umbrella, and became an independent organization when Straughn was captured in August 1943. Marking's organization developed a reputation for ruthlessness, and was often in open conflict with the Hunters ROTC Guerrillas, nearby.

Fil-American Irregular Troops (FAIT). During the siege of Bataan, retired Spanish-American War veteran Col. Hugh Straughn was authorized by General Douglas MacArthur to organize the FAIT in the southern mountains near Antipolo, Rizal. As MacArthur left the Philippines and Bataan fell, Straughn extended his command to cover all of the area south and east of Manila. His was the only large, unified guerrilla command besides Col. Thorp's, and within the FAIT several other guerrilla organizations were born, including President Quezon's Own Guerrillas (PQOG), Terry Hunter's ROTC Guerrillas, and Marking's Guerrillas. When Straughn was captured in August, 1943, most of these organizations became independent under their respective leaders. Portions of FAIT remained in tact under nominal control of "Col. Elliot P. Ellsworth" (General Vincente Lim) in Manila, until Lim was captured. Straughn and Lim were both executed by the Japanese.

Several units were formed around the Philippines and even the farthest of them have produced and issued their own respective scripts. We could go from the Mountain Province in the Kalinga to the shores of Lanao Del Norte And Zamboanga and from the East in the islands of Palawan to the West in the islands of Samar and Camarines but never we have heard that a note was issued by the Guerillas concentrated in Manila and nearby provinces. But not until today, a note was found from an old hoard showing that the Markings Guerilla did produce their War script. The unusual thing about this issue is the fact the Marking’s used Japanese Issued Money as papers for their notes. Please see the images below:


The Ten peso note was counterstamp with blue violet logo "Markings Guerilla and More Victories Ahead" with a Flying Eagle on top and the word "Luzon" on top of the Eagle.


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